# Round a number to a specific decimal place

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## Implementations

### C

```#include <stdlib.h>
/* Don't forget to free()! the result after using it.
This code actually truncates instead of rounding values */
char* format(double Value, int nPrecision)
{
char *buffer = malloc(128*sizeof(char)); //Buffer where to store the resulting formatted string.
snprintf(buffer,127,"%0.*f",nPrecision,Value); //Print formatted data to a string
return buffer;
}
```

For example:

```format( 3456.67953, 1 ) results in 3456.6
format( 3456.67953, 2 ) results in 3456.67
format( 3456.67953, 3 ) results in 3456.679
```

Original source: Ancient Dragon

### Common Lisp

```(defun round-to (number precision &optional (what #'round))
(let ((div (expt 10 precision)))
(/ (funcall what (* number div)) div)))
```

The optional parameter "what" can be one of

```#'floor
#'ceil
#'truncate
#'round ;;No need to, though.
```

For example:

```* (round-to 1234.4567 0)
1234
* (round-to 1234.4567 1)
2469/2
* (float *)
1234.5
* (round-to -1234.4567 2 #'floor)
-61723/50
* (float *)
-1234.46
* (round-to 1234.4567 3 #'truncate)
154307/125
* (float *)
1234.456
```

### Erlang

```round(Number, Precision) ->
P = math:pow(10, Precision),
round(Number * P) / P.
```

### OCaml

```# open Printf;;
# printf "%0.*f";;
- : int -> float -> unit = <fun>
```

For example:

```# printf "%0.*f\n" 1 1234.5678;;
1234.6
- : unit = ()
```

### Perl

```print sprintf "%0.*f", 2, 3456.67953;
```

### PHP

```<?php
echo round(3.4);         // 3
echo round(3.5);         // 4
echo round(3.6);         // 4
echo round(3.6, 0);      // 4
echo round(1.95583, 2);  // 1.96
echo round(1241757, -3); // 1242000
echo round(5.045, 2);    // 5.05
echo round(5.055, 2);    // 5.06
?>
```

Original source: PHP Manual

### Python

```print round(3.4)         # 3
print round(3.5)         # 4
print round(3.6)         # 4
print round(3.6, 0)      # 4
print round(1.95583, 2)  # 1.96
print round(1241757, -3) # 1242000
print round(5.045, 2)    # 5.05
print round(5.055, 2)    # 5.06
```

### Ruby

```class Float
def round_to(x)
(self * 10**x).round.to_f / 10**x
end

def ceil_to(x)
(self * 10**x).ceil.to_f / 10**x
end

def floor_to(x)
(self * 10**x).floor.to_f / 10**x
end
end
```

For example:

```num = 138.249
num.round_to(2)
# => 138.25
num.floor_to(2)
# => 138.24
num.round_to(-1)
# => 140.0
```

Original source: rbates

Note: Since Ruby 1.9, rounding can be achieved with: [1]

```num.round(precision) # 1.23456.round(4) == 1.2346
```

### Zsh

```printf "%.0f\n" 1234567.899
```